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Just how to seek out documents of. Uk army gallantry medals

Just how to seek out documents of. Uk army gallantry medals

How can I see the documents covered in this guide?

Just how many are online?

1. Why make use of this guide?

You want to find out whether a record of the award and why it was awarded exist, this guide will be of use if you know of an individual who received a British military medal or award for an act of bravery, gallantry or for meritorious service between 1854 and c1990 and. One of the medals that are numerous honors included in the guide will be the:

For suggestions about civilian gallantry honors consult our Civilian gallantry medals guide. You will find split documents for the prize of campaign medals (granted solely for service) – see our Uk Army campaign and solution medals guide for suggestions about finding these.

2. The records of gallantry medals and prizes

2.1 Public notices

Pretty much all gallantry honors to Uk nationals are publicly established into the government that is official, the London Gazette. This announcement that is public usually the only record that endures of an prize. Notices additionally showed up, where appropriate, within the dominion or colonial gazettes.

2.2 guidelines and citations

A suggestion is a complete declaration, frequently given by a commanding officer, of why a medal must certanly be granted to a person.

A citation is a short formal statement, obtained from the suggestion, of why a medal ended up being granted.

Whether accurate documentation of the citation or perhaps a suggestion survives depends, mainly, in the variety of prize. Sometimes citations are posted when you look at the London Gazette although not constantly during the date that is same the statement. A citation or suggestion may survive in the sometimes solution record for the individual.

2.3 Registers

For a few medals you can find registers and listings of recipients addressing a particular war, 12 months or variety of years.

3. How to locate documents

Learn the best place to search for documents of a medal that is particular consulting the table below. The next basic advice will additionally help you to get started:

3.1 on line records

In some instances, to look at documents you need to find document sources and either order copies or check us out to look at the documents that are original person. Listed here documents, nonetheless, can be looked at or downloaded on line.

3.2 fundamental search methods for finding initial papers

You need to use our catalogue to find documents. Re Search because of the title of a medal utilising the advanced level search to target the documents regarding the respective record departments for every single branch of this army, the following.

3.3 Public notices and posted citations

In many situations, the place that is best to begin could be the London Gazette, available from the Gazette internet site, though for most medals a citation had not been published (begin to see the dining table below for medal-by-medal details). You are able to search the Gazette by title, solution quantity, book type and date of honor. You will need to find out approximately as soon as the honor ended up being announced or ‘gazetted’. There was clearly constantly a wait involving the gallant deed, the real prize of a medal, and book into the London Gazette. The Gazette indexes offered at The National Archives can help establish a romantic date.

3.4 suggestions, registers and unpublished citations

Check always published sources, like those into the further reading part of this guide, before you start a look for documents of guidelines or citations while they may possibly provide precise document recommendations and extra information. The dining table below provides links into the record series many very likely to include home elevators individual honors.

3.5 Table of record sources for gallantry medals

Go through the London Gazette links to look the Gazette by title, solution quantity, book type and date of honor. Click the document series sources and search by title of medal. The records that are online be searched by title of recipient.

Footnotes: (1) Recommendations in AIR 2 are arranged by old Air Ministry file guide quantity, maybe perhaps not title. Contact the Ministry of Defence whom might be able to provide you with the file guide.

Keep in mind medals granted by the British Army are not granted solely to British Army soldiers – they are often granted to workers through the other services that are armed. Some members of the Royal Air Force received British Army awards during the Second World War, for example. Exactly the same will also apply to the Royal Navy and RAF, to ensure that, for https://hookupdate.net/lovoo-review/ instance, quantity of airmen associated with Fleet Air Arm, a branch of this Royal Navy, received RAF prizes.

4. International awards to Britons and British prizes to servicemen that are foreign ladies (from 1854)

4.1 Notices

These prizes are usually announced into the London Gazette beneath the heading ‘Foreign Orders’.

For draft variations of London Gazette notices 1914-1928 browse WO 388 by guide. A few of these announcements that are pre-publication annotated. The papers in this show (WO 388) are arranged by nation. WO 388/6 to 15, including indexes in WO 388/8 to 15, can be obtained to download online (you can install the indexes totally free).

4.2 Tips

Military honors exchanged between Uk and armies that are foreign 1946 onwards are searchable by title and prize into the tips (WO 373) on line. These could consist of those maybe not showing up when you look at the London Gazette.

4.3 Listings

Some lists can be found by you of international honors within FO 83 (before 1906) and FO 372 (after 1906). Place files containing these lists making use of the Foreign workplace correspondence indexes during the National Archives. It really is thought that these listings aren’t comprehensive.

5. Laws and policy files (from 1854)

As a whole, you are able to search our catalogue by the name that is medal its abbreviation to see if you can find any policy files. There are numerous particular series which document the regulations regulating the prize of medals.

For policy files on medals, see series ADM 1 rule 85, ADM 116 rule 85, AIR 1, AIR 2, HO 45 rule 30, MT 9 rule 6, T 300 and T 333 and WO 32 rule 50.

6. The design and make of medals (1805-1986)

Instructions for gallantry medals (especially into the century that is 19th can be followed by information on recipients as well as the action that resulted in the honor. Decide to try series MINT 16, MINT 20, MINT 24 and MINT 25. Search key words to our catalogue such as for instance ‘awards’ or ‘decorations’.

7. Replacing and claiming medals

Contact the Ministry of Defence for campaign as well as other medals released after 1939. Medals granted before 1939 can not any longer be changed.

8. Further reading and other resources

Online language resources

The Ministry of Defence’s british forces that are armed booklet, offered by GOV.UK. Lists the medals awarded for service within the british forces that are armed followed by a graphic for every single medal.

Listings of Victoria Cross recipients announced into the Gazette for the World that is first War 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918 and 1919.


Look at the National Archives’ bookshop for a variety of available magazines about british gallantry that is military. Every one of the publications listed here are obtainable in The nationwide Archives’ Library for assessment at our building in Kew.

Peter Edwards Abbott and John Michael Allen Tamplin, British Gallantry honors (London, 1981)

Michael Maton, Honour The Recipents of international honors (Honiton: Token Publishing 2013)

William Spencer, Army Records for Family Historians (3nd edn, The nationwide Archives, 2008)